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成考高起點英語虛擬語氣誤用辨析

2015-05-16 14:08admin

1.中文:我要是你,我不會那么做。

(誤)I shouldn’t do that if I was you.

(正)I shouldn’t do that if I were you.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣不能用was,只能用were.)

2.中文:要是我父親現在在這里,他會告訴我該做什么。

(誤)If my father were here now, he will tell me what to do.

(正)If my father were here now, he would tell me what to do.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的助動詞只能用would,might等過去時。)

3.中文:要是我知道她的電話號碼,我就會給她打電話了。

(誤)If I knew her telephone number, I would have called her.

(正)If I had known her telephone number, I would have called her.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞要用過去完成時。)

4.中文:要是昨天沒下雨她也許會來。

(誤)If it had not rained yesterday, he might come.

(正)If it had not rained yesterday, he might have come.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的動詞要用助動詞的過去時might,could等+HAVE+過去分詞。)

5.中文:我不認為我會失敗,但要是我失敗了,我會再努力。

(誤)I don’t think that I shall fail. But if I failed, I would try again.

(正)I don’t think that I shall fail. But if I should fail, I would try again.(表示與將來事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞用should加原形動詞。)

6.中文:他要是帶了錢就會買它。

(誤)Did he bring some money with him, he would have bought it.

(正)Had he brought some money with him, he would have bought it.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞要用過去完成時,若省略if,則用倒裝形式。)

7.中文:她要是個男人可能會當選總統。

(誤)Be she a man, she might be elected president.

(正)Were she a man, she might be elected president.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣,不能用was,只能用were;若省略if,則將were放在句首。)

8.中文:我提議提高教師的薪資。

(誤)I suggested that the teachers’ wages could be increased.

(正)I suggested that the teachers’ wages should be increased.(suggest當建議講時,后面的名詞從句的主要動詞要用should加原形動詞,should可以省略。)

9.中文:他這么做是重要的。

(誤)It is important that he will do it.

(正)It is important that he do it.(It is important+that引導的名詞從句的動詞要用should加原形動詞,should可以省略。)

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