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成考高起點英語代詞誤用辨析

2015-05-16 14:08admin

1.中文:倫敦的夏天比我家鄉的夏天更熱。

(誤)London is much hotter in summer than my hometown.

(正)It is much hotter in London in summer than in my hometown.(用it代表氣候,天氣等。)

2.中文:他的書跟我的很不一樣。

(誤)His book is quite different from me.

(正)His book is quite different from mine.(mine = my book,應保持比較的雙方性質的一致。)

3.中文:我有件重要的事告訴你。

(誤)I have important something to tell you.

(正)I have something important to tell you.(修飾something,nothing,anything等不定代詞時,形容詞應放在其后。)

4.中文:每個學生都應該做他自己的功課。

(誤)Every student should do their own homework.

(正)Every student should do his own homework.(every student是單數,其后的代詞也用單數。)

5.中文:我喜歡收到別人的來信,但不愿意寫信。

(誤)I like to receive letters but do not like to write it.

(正)I like to receive letters but do not like to write them.(代詞的人稱與數應與它代替的名詞相同。)

6.中文:孩子們和他都還沒有吃晚餐。

(誤)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten their supper.

(正)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten his supper.(neither……nor是對等相關連詞,nor后面的主語決定后面的謂語動詞及代詞的形式。)

7.中文:布朗太太向她的朋友瑪麗和我打招呼。

(誤)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and I.

(正)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and me.(Mary and me是賓語friends的同位語,因此用賓格形式。)

8.中文:我的兩個姊姊都不在這。

(誤)None of my two sisters is here.

(正)Neither of my two sisters is here.(neither用于兩者的否定;none用于三者以上的否定。)

9.中文:他認識我的兩個姊姊。

(誤)He knows my both sisters.

(正)He knows both my sisters.(both用在the,his,my等修飾語之前。)

10.中文:這本書的價格是多少?

(誤)How much is the price of the book?

(正)What is the price of the book?(對價格提問用what,沒有price一詞時用how much.)

11.中文:我有一本新字典還有幾本舊的。

(誤)I have a new dictionary and several old one.

(正)I have a new dictionary and several old ones.(代替前面提到過的可數名詞,復數要用ones.)

12.中文:安迪,保羅和我共唱一首歌。

(誤)I, Andy and Paul sang a song together.

(正)Andy, Paul and I sang a song together.(有多個主語或賓語時,I或me在最后。)

13.中文:他們很了解我們中國人。

(誤)They know our Chinese well.

(正)They know us Chinese well.(Chinese為賓語us的同位語。)

14.中文:說好英語不容易。

(誤)That is not easy to speak good English.

(正)It is not easy to speak good English.(it當形式主語,代替不定式。)

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