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成考高起點英語形容詞誤用辨析

2015-05-16 14:08admin

1.中文:他是兩者中較高的。

(誤)He is taller of the two.

(正)He is the taller of the two.(比較級+of the two,前面要加the.)

2.中文:湯姆是我們學校里最年輕的。

(誤)Tom is youngest in our school.

(正)Tom is the youngest in our school.(形容詞的最高級前面要加the.)

3.中文:他是所有人中最強壯的。

(誤)He is the strongest in all.

(正)He is the strongest of all.(在同類中最…的,用介詞of.)

4.中文:我的房子跟約翰的一樣大。

(誤)My house is so large as John’s.

(正)My house is as large as John’s.(肯定形式用as+原級形容詞+as+主格。)

5.中文:湯姆比我年輕。

(誤)Tom is less older than I am.

(正)Tom is less old than I am.(less+原級形容詞+than.)

6.中文:他是班上個子最高的。

(誤)He is taller than any boy in his class.

(正)He is taller than any other boy in his class.(使用比較級時,應避免與自己比,any boy包括他自己。)

7.中文:事態每況愈下。

(誤)Things go from worse to worse.

(正)Things go from bad to worse.(from bad to worse = 每況愈下,越來越糟。)

8.中文:多數人喜愛音樂。

(誤)The most people are fond of music.

(正)Most people are fond of music.(Most泛指大多數,前面不加the.)

9.中文:他至少遺失了一萬元。

(誤)He has lost not fewer than ten thousand dollars.

(正)He has lost not less than ten thousand dollars.(not less than=more than,at least,表示至少。)

10.中文:他們聽得越久,就越不喜歡他。

(誤)The longer they listen to him, the little they like him.

(正)The longer they listen to him, the less they like him.(the+比較級…,the+比較級…表示兩者的同步增長。)

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